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The Working Group on Crop Husbandry Demand and Supply Projections, Agricultural Inputs and Agricultural Statistics constituted as a part of the formulation of the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17) projected demand and supply for different agricultural crops till 2016-17.

The Working Group estimated demand and supply on the basis of various approaches of supply and demand projection methods. The detailed demand projections and actual production in recent years is given in table below. The relevant information on various aspects, such as prices, production, supply etc., of agricultural commodities is extensively disseminated to farmers through agricultural extension  services,  Kisan  Call Centres, farmers   portal   and  m-Kisan   portal   under National e-Governance Plan in Agriculture (NeGP-A) to help in their farming/cropping decision which are profitable to them.

Government has taken a number of initiatives to improve quality of statistical inputs used for demand and supply projections through improved survey methodology on Household Consumer Expenditure Surveys of National Sample Survey Office as well as use of modern techniques/ technologies such as remote-sensing, etc., in Crop Cutting Experiments for assessment of yield/production, besides thorough scrutiny of data on production reported by State Governments.

Projected Demand and Supply of Food Commodities during 12th Plan

(Million Tonnes)

Crop/Group of Crops Projected Demand Projected Supply  

Actual Production

 

Terminal Year 12th Plan

2016-17

Terminal Year 12th Plan 2016-17  

2011-12

 

 

2012-13

 

 

2013-14

 

2014-15

 

 

2015-16*

 Rice 110 98-106 105.30 105.24 106.65 105.48 103.61
Wheat 89 93-104 94.88 93.51 95.85 86.53 93.82
Coarse Cereals  

36

 

42-48

 

42.01

 

40.04

 

43.29

 

42.86

 

38.40

Total

Cereals

 

235

 

240-251

 

242.20

 

238.79

 

235.79

 

234.87

 

235.83

Pulses 22 18-21 17.09 18.34 19.25 17.15 17.33
Foodgrains 257 258-272 259.29 257.13 265.04 252.02 253.16
Oilseeds 59 33-41 29.80 30.94 32.74 27.51 26.34
Sugarcane 279 365-411 361.04 341.2 352.14 362.33 346.38
Vegetables 161 NA 156.33 162.19 162.90 169.48 168.51**
Fruits 97 NA 76.42 81.29 88.97 86.60 89.02**

 

*2nd Advance Estimates

** 1st Estimates

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